- Citizens have the freedom of believing in or not believing in religion;
- Government and religion are separated;
- Church is run on an independent and self-managing basis;
- Friendly foreign exchange in the religious field is conducted on an independent basis;
- To unite and educate religious figures;
- CPC members shall not believe in religion;
- To carry out publicity and educational work on the scientific world outlooks of dialectic materialism and historical materialism among the general public, the youngsters in particular.
- 2. Full Implementation of the Policy of Freedom of Religious Belief
The Chinese government always respects and protects its citizens’ rights of free choice in religious belief, adopts a policy of freedom of religious belief and provides legal guarantee in this regard.
Since the day of its peaceful liberation, Xinjiang has adhered to the policy of freedom of religious belief and handled the religious issue in a proper and cautious way. During the social movements and religious system reform during the 1950s, the CPC Central Committee Xinjiang Bureau and various levels of people’s governments adhered to the principle of respecting the freedom of people of all ethnic groups in their religious belief and requested the protection of mosques, temples and churches. Religious clergymen were differentiated from feudalist landed class, and efforts were made to unite minority and religious top figures and provide certain allowance to clergymen living in difficulties. With each religion breaking away from the control and utilization of the feudalist exploitative class, the clergymen and ordinary believers from different ethnic groups began to run the religious business on their own, thus bringing religion onto the track of normal development. During the “Cultural Revolution” in 1960s and 1970s, the policy of freedom of religious belief was seriously undermined, the sites and facilities for religious activities suffered colossal damage. At the end of 1970s, the Chinese government reinstituted the religious policy and began to make a great deal of efforts to ensure citizens’ right to the freedom of religious belief.
At present, the ordinary believers and clergymen from all ethnic groups in Xinjiang enjoy to the fullest extent the right to the freedom of religious belief, which is manifested in the following aspects:
- A proper number of sites of religious activities and clergymen have been approved to be installed to meet the need of believers from all ethnic groups Viajes de marco polo for normal religious activities. Xinjiang has 24,100 approved sites for different religious activities, among which 23,900 are Islamic sites, and the rest are lamaseries, Han-Buddhist temples, Protestant churches, Roman Catholic churches and Orthodox churches. The government has also financed the renovation of famous religious sites such as the Grand Mosque of Etikar in Kashi. The clergymen in all religions add up to 29,000 people, of whom 28,500 are Islamic clergymen above Imam.